To write articles in Esperanto you need:
- A keyboard layout that gives you the accented Esperanto letters and whatever other languages you need
- A suitable word processor – we recommend LibreOffice because it can use
- A spelling checker for Esperanto text
For many years now, computers have been able to cope with Unicode characters including those required for Esperanto text. There is no excuse for publishing documents in any surrogate alphabet. The result looks wrong and gives the wrong impression to the public. There are various resources for converting old documents from a surrogate alphabet to standard Esperanto text. (See below Methods for converting from a surrogate alphabet to Unicode).
Keyboards by default do not have a way to type the thousands of Unicode signs. Therefore, you need special keyboard layouts. How to type Esperanto depends on the operating system, and whether you, the user, have administration rights.
In any application that you use, choose a font that includes the accented letters needed for Esperanto: ĉĝĥĵŝŭ ĈĜĤĴŜŬ. Many modern fonts do have the accented letters that we require. If you choose an unsuitable font, your system may substitute accented letters from a different font which does have the accented letters; you will notice that the letters look wrong, maybe even the wrong size.